MLA Bibliography Guide

Bibliography/ Works Cited Guide      According to the  MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers.

The information below is provided as assistance when writing works cited or a bibliography. It does not represent a complete listing of entry types. Entries should be listed alphabetically by the first word of the entry, but should not be numbered.

Remember to:

  • Double space each entry and between entries.
  • The second and subsequent lines of each entry are indented one tab space    

I. BOOKS

A. One author:
Author’s last name, author’s first name and middle initial if given. Title of book. Place of publication: publisher, date of publication.

Example:
Meyer, Lowell A. Skateboarding. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1978.

B. Two authors:
Author #1’s last name, author #1’s first name and middle initial if given, and author #2’s first name followed by middle if given and last name. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Example:
Smith, Rose R., and David Bush. Roller Skating. New York: Harper & Row, 1979.

C. Editor in place of author:
Editor’s last name, editor’s first name and middle initial if given, ed. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Example:
Gold, Robert S., ed. Point of Departure. New York: Dell Publishers, 1967.

D. No author given:
Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication.

Example:
The World Almanac and Book of Facts. New York: Newspaper Enterprise Assoc., 1965.

II. REFERENCES

E. Signed article in a printed encyclopedia: (*See note.)
Author’s last name, author’s first name and middle initial if given. “Name of article.” Name of Encyclopedia. Date of the edition (if given). Year of publication.

Example:
Turner, Sarah H. “Skateboarding.” Encyclopedia America. 1986 ed. 2001.

F. Online encyclopedia:
Author’s last name, author’s first name and initial if given. “Name of Article.” Name of Encyclopedia. Edition number if given. Place of publication: publisher, year
of publication. URL

Example:
Smith, Robert B. “Dogs.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2nd ed.  New York: World Book, 1991. www.worldencyclopedia.org

G. Personal interview:
Last name of person interviewed, first name and middle initial given. Personal interview. Date of interview.

Example:
Grant, Anita B. Personal interview. 25 Jan. 1993.

H. E-MAIL:
Author of e-mail message. “Title of message (if any).” Description of message including recipient. Date of message.

Example:
Davis, Tom. “Amazon Research Project Results.” E-mail to Bobby C. Vale. 3 Feb. 1996.

I. World Wide Web/Online Resources:

*When citing on-line sources, include as much of the following information as is available/applicable. If the entry indicates an editor, translator, or compiler, identify that with ed., trans., or comp. after the name.

Author or editor’s last name, first name and middle initial if given. “Title of article, file, or webpage.” Title of periodical, web site, or database. Date of publication or latest update. Name of subscription service (if used). Name of any institution or organization associated with web site. Date of access <http:/electronic address>.

Examples:
Jones, Sally. “Bosnian Peace.” 5 Jan. 1996. New York Times. 21 June 2004. <http://nytimes.com/index/jones/bosnia.html>.

Landis, Marvin W. “This day in History: May 5.” The History Journal. 13 May 1973 The History Channel Online. 1 Oct. 2004 <http//: historyjournal.home/mwl/com>.

J. Court Cases:
Court case name (first plaintiff and first defendant only).. Volume Name (of place found) Page. Court name Year of decision.

Example:
Roberts v. Tide Water Co. 123 USPQ 789. VA Super. Ct. 1989.

K. Signed article in a reference book: (*See note.)
Author’s last name, author’s first name and initial if given. “Article title.” Name of reference. Edition number. Year of publication.

Example:
Hancock, John W. or “Personal Finance.” Environmental. Dictionary. 24th ed. 2001.

 

III. PERIODICALS

L. Signed newspaper articles: (*See note.)
Author’s last name, author’s first name and initial if given. “Title of Article.” Name of newspaper date of publication: section letter or name page (+ if continued on another page).

Example:
Bragg, Brett B. “Chet’s Catch Saves Tigers.” Detroit Free Press 25 July 1993: D1.

M. Signed magazine articles:
Author’s last name, author’s first name and initial if given. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine date of publication: page(s).

Example:
Willis, Gray M. “The Impeachment Man.” Atlantic Monthly 15 May 1974: 79-84.

*NOTE: For unsigned encyclopedia, newspaper, magazine, etc., articles, use signed entry format without author information.